In 1937, Mocidade Portuguesa Feminina (Portuguese Youth Women) was founded, promoting the values of family, home, and Catholicism. Motherhood was praised as an important role in raising valiant warriors to build Portugal's future among the men.
Uniforms conveyed a sense of collective discipline and nationalism in public exhibition and parades. The age groups in Mocidade Portuguesa, each with their own uniforms, were:
- 7-10 years, Lusitos and Lusitas
- 10-14 years, Infants
- 14-17 years, Vanguardistas
- 17-25 years, Cadets
Waning by the 1970s, Mocidade Portuguesa was abolished after the Carnation Revolution in 1974.