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DESCRIPTION: The schoolbooks used during the Estado Novo trained children to see their "Portugueseness" in conformity with the vision of the Salazar regime. The lessons include such themes as:
- Maps that show Portugal’s larger holdings (mainland, islands, and former colonies) titled “Portugal é Grande” ("Portugal is large and great") to convey the idea of a greater imperial state.
- Grammar lessons uniting students in singing Salazar’s praises—"ela ele eles elas, alto altar altura, Lusitos! Lusitas! Viva Salazar! Viva Salazar!"
- Historical scenes that envision a future based on a glorious mythologized past blessed with religious iconography.
- “Obras do Estado Novo” ("Construction of the New State") praising industriousness in the New State.
- A scene (image 4) that combines all of the above grounded on the rural idyll of the working farmer and child-rearing wife.