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Published by the SPN in 1934, the early days of the Portuguese New State, the “Decalogue” took on different forms afterwards. It was disseminated in pamphlet form and translated into other languages. Regardless of the form, the document carried a double meaning: on one hand, it was a flaunting display of religious evocation, and on the other, it had the semblance of a national constitution. The document also combined the notion of the New State as a synthesizing all that was good in both tradition and modernity, while at the same time implying that to be against the New State was tantamount to being against the nation.
The New State Decalogue (English translation)
1 - The New State represents the agreement and synthesis of all that is permanent and everything that is new, the living traditions of the nation and its more advanced impulses. It represents, in a word, the moral, social, and political vanguard.
2 - The New State is the guarantor of the independence and unity of the nation, the balance of all its organic values, and the fruitful union of all its creative energies.
3 - The New State is not subordinated to any class. It subordinates, however, all classes to the will and supreme harmony of the national interest.
4 - The New State rejects the old formulas: authority without freedom, freedom without authority, and replaces them with: authority and freedoms.
5 - In the New State, the individual exists socially, as part of natural groups (families), professionals (corporations), territorialities (municipalities), and it is under this aspect that all necessary rights are recognized. For The New State, there are no abstract human rights, but concrete human rights.
6 - There is no strong State where the executive branch is not. The parliamentary system used to subordinate the government to the tyranny of the political assembly, through the tumultuous and irresponsible dictatorship of the parties. The New State guarantees the existence of a strong state through the security, independence and continuity of the Chief of State and the Government.
7 - In the New State, the nation's representation is not made of fictitious or ephemeral groups. It is made of real and permanent elements of national life: families, municipalities, associations, corporations, etc.
8 - All Portuguese people are entitled to a free and dignified life -- but this right must be achieved, first of all, together with the right of Portugal to the same free and dignified life. The overall well-being surpasses the individual well-being. Salazar said: we must sacrifice everything for everyone; we should not sacrifice everything for a few.
9 - The New State wants to reinstate Portugal in its historic grandeur, in the plenitude of the vast empire of its universal civilization. The New State wants to turn Portugal again into one of the greatest spiritual powers in the world.
10 - The enemies of the New State are the enemies of the nation. In defense of the nation -- that is, to keep the order, the common interest and justice for all --, force might and must be used, since it will be the legitimate defense of the nation".