José Barreto. Researcher, Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa

Salazar and the New State in the writings of Fernando Pessoa. Portuguese Studies, September 22, 2008 (Article quoted in the text).

Dr. Felipe de Meneses. Sr. Lecturer, Department of History, National University of Ireland, Maynooth (Link)
Salazar: A Political Biography. 1st edition (New York, NY: Enigma Books, 2010).

Ellen W. Sapega, Professor, Spanish and Portuguese, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Consensus and Debate in Salazar's Portugal: Visual and Literary Negotiations of the National Text, 1933-1948. (Penn State Romance Studies) (Pennsylvania State University Press, 2008)

Image and counter-Image: The Place of Salazarist Images of National Identity in Contemporary Portuguese Visual Culture. Luso-Brazilian Review, Vol. 39, No. 2, Special Issue: Portuguese Cultural Studies, Winter 2002 (University of Wisconsin Press), pp. 45-64 (Article quoted in the text).

Luís Reis Torgal, Professor of the Faculty of Letters of the University of Coimbra (retired)

Propaganda, ideology and cinema in the Estado Novo of Salazar: The conversion of the unbelievers.  (Article quoted in the text).



Adinolfi, Goffredo. Ai confini del fascismo: propaganda e consenso nel Portogallo salazarista (1932-1944) (The Edge of fascism: propaganda and consensus Salazar in Portugal (1932-1944)). (FrancoAngeli, 2007).

Baptista, Marta Raquel Pinto. "Arquitectura como Instrumento na Construção de uma Imagem do Estado Novo" ("Architecture as a Tool in Building an Image of the New State). Architecture Degree Thesis, Coimbra, 2008. (Excerpted in the text)

abecinhas, Rosa and Feijó, João. "Collective Memories of Portuguese Colonial Action in Africa: Representations of the Colonial Past among Mozambicans and Portuguese Youths." International Journal of Conflict and Violence, vol. 4, no. 1, 2010.

Cardina, Miguel. "On student movements in the decay of the Estado Novo," Portuguese Journal of Social Science 7: 3, 2008, pp. 151-64.

Corkill, David and Almeida, José Carlos. "Commemoration and Propaganda in Salazar's Portugal: The Mundo Português  Exposition of 1940." Journal of Contemporary History, July 2009, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 381-399. (Article excerpted in the text)

Dix, Steffen. Pessoa the Future of Arcas. Introduction to journal special issue: Portuguese Studies, vol. 24, number 22008.

Guinote, Paulo. "Revisiting the Role School-Regents Played in the Educational Policy of Estado Novo." Sísifo: Educational Sciences Journal, No. 1, 2006, pp. 110-123. (Article excerpted in the text)

Lira, Sérgio.  "Politics and Propaganda in the Portuguese Museums and Temporary Exhibitions during the Estado Novo." (PhD student at the Department of Museum Studies, University of Leicester)

Pimentel, Irene Flunser. "The Portuguese Youth Women: The First Ten Years of Life (1937-47)." Penelope 19-20, 1998. (Article excerpted in the text)

Pimentel, Irene Flunser. "Women's Organizations and Imperial Ideology under the Estado Novo," Portuguese Studies, Vol. 18, 2002, pp. 121-131. (Article excerpted in the text)

into, António Costa. "Elites, Single Parties and Political Decision-making in Fascist-era Dictatorships." Contemporary European History, Vol. 11, no. 3, 2002. (Article excerpted in the text)

Rosas, Fernando. "1961: The Year of All Dangers." Excerpt from a lecture given February 19, 2011, in Lisbon.

Sánchez-Gómez, Luis Ángel. "Imperial Faith and Catholic Missions in the Grand Exhibitions of the Estado Novo," Análise Social, vol. XLIV, no. 193, 2009, pp. 671-692. (Article excerpted in the text)

Sardica, José Miguel. Twentieth-Century Portugal—A Historical Overview. 1st edition (Lisbon: Universidade Católica Editora, 2008).

Valério, Nuno. Technical University of Lisbon—75 Years of History. (Lisbon: Gabinete de História Económica e Social, 2007).

Vieira, Patricia. Portuguese Film, 1930-1960: The Staging of the New State Regime (New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2013).