COMMEMORATION AND PROPAGANDA IN SALAZAR’S PORTUGAL: THE PORTUGUESE WORLD EXHIBITION OF 1940

The double centenary celebrated at the Exposição do Mundo Português (Portuguese World Exhibition) held in Lisbon between June and December 1940 was the first major cultural event of the Estado Novo (New State) dictatorship and marked the high-point of its ‘nationalist-imperialist’ propaganda. Staged to commemorate the foundation of the nation in 1140 and independence from Spain in 1640, the Exhibition became a vehicle for the diffusion and legitimization of the dictatorship’s ideology and values in which the idea of the nation was (re)constructed through a series of carefully-planned images, myths and symbols (1). (Excerpt from article by David Corkill and José Carlos Almeida)

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Imperial faith and catholic missions in the grand exhibitions of the Estado Novo

During the 1930s Portugal’s Estado Novo developed an impressive array of activities directed at awakening and maintaining Portugal’s “national pride” in an attempt to define the new regime’s symbolic ideology and consolidate loyalties. Those intentions were reflected in Portugal’s participation in the main international expositions of the time, and in the successful organization of various national expositions, especially those of 1934, 1937, and 1940. The Catholic Church was featured in some form in all of these historical, economic, and colonial events. The purpose of this article is to analyze this participation and consider how it was useful for the Church. Finally, I will show how this participation was turned by the Estado Novo to its own ends. (Excerpt from article by Luis Ángel Sánchez-Gómez)

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IMAGE AND COUNTER-IMAGE: THE PLACE OF SALAZARIST IMAGES OF NATIONAL IDENTITY IN CONTEMPORARY PORTUGUESE VISUAL CULTURE

Events such as the Portuguese Colonial Exposition, held in Oporto in 1934, the Commemoration of Year X of the National Revolution, celebrated throughout the country in 1936, and the 1940 Exposition of the Portuguese World performed the dual purpose of fostering urban renewal and providing opportunities for new development. (Excerpt from article by Ellen W. Sapega)

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Architecture as a Tool in Building the Image of the New State

In order to understand the intentions of the Salazar regime in the use of architecture in the service of his ideological promotion, you must analyze the exploration of architecture as a scenic mechanism, placed within the context of celebratory public ceremonies, reflected not only in exhibitions held within the country—in which the "Historical Exhibition of the Portuguese World" in 1940 stands out—but prior Portuguese participation in international exhibitions. (Excerpt from thesis by Marta Raquel Pinto Baptista)

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